Your doctor has diagnosed you with convulsions. A convulsion is a brief episode of violent, abnormal body movements, often including stiffening or shaking of the limbs and loss of consciousness. Sometimes the person bites the tongue or loses urine.

Convulsions may be a type of epileptic seizure. They may also occur after a fainting spell (syncope), or in other medical conditions. Sometimes they may be due to psychological disturbance.

You have had testing to try to find the cause of the convulsions. Testing may have included CT or MRI scan of the brain, and EEG or video-EEG (“brain wave”) testing, blood and urine tests, and a neurological examination. When the testing does not show a clear reason for the symptoms, we use the term “convulsions” as a description, not as a final diagnosis.

Your doctor will discuss your test results with you and set a treatment plan. Sometimes when the test results are normal, medication or other treatment is not recommended. Other times the doctor feels strongly enough that the event was an epileptic seizure that medication is recommended. You should discuss the treatment plan with your doctor and make an appointment for follow-up with your doctor and/or a neurologist.

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